Avail Highly Affordable Options for Lung Cancer Treatments in India

Lack of investigative tools and cultural beliefs which detest autopsy hamper correct statistics of lung cancer cases in Nigeria. However, recent studies have revealed an increasing incidence of this lesion in the country. 42 percent of the males who were detected with lung cancer in research that was conducted had a history of smoking cigarettes. Moreover, these cases were predominantly adenocarcinoma of the lungs where treatments are largely palliative. High prevalence of cigarette smoking among Nigerian males calls for generating awareness about risk factors causing lung cancer. Moreover, lack of treatment facilities providing lung cancer surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy have also contributed to the extent of the problem as such.

Lung Cancer is a Major Killer Disease

According to figures let out by World Health Organization (WHO), there is about 1.4 million deaths worldwide occurring every year due to lung cancer. Moreover, there is an increase in cases of lung cancer in developing countries due to increase of use of tobacco. It is also a recognized fact that mortality worldwide due to lung cancer bears a significant history of smoking, especially among men above 50 years of age. Moreover, it has also come to notice that while incidence of lung cancer has been declining in men over the last couple of decades, there are more cases nowadays which have been recorded among women.

Smoking is a Leading Risk Factor for Lung Cancer

While link between lung cancer and smoking tobacco cannot be overemphasized, studies have revealed that cigarette smoke contains more than 73 well known carcinogens including 1, 3-butadiene and benzopyrene. This is why smoking, including passive smoking amounts for almost 80 to 90 percent of lung cancer cases. Moreover, since passive smoking is equally vulnerable, if not more, people living with smokers have 20 to 30 percent increased risk of developing lung cancer when compared to others. In order to curb the menace of lung cancer among passive smokers, most countries have banned smoking in public places. WHO has additionally, called upon governments across the world to place a complete ban on advertisement of cigarettes and tobacco-products.

Signs and Symptoms of Lung Cancer

Respiratory signs and symptoms produced by lung cancer include cough which is sometimes also accompanied by blood and chest pain. Airflow may also be obstructed and cause difficulty in breathing if lung cancer has grown into the airways. Systemic symptoms among lung cancer patients include fatigue, fever, poor appetite and weight loss. However, it is also important to note that almost 10 percent of lung cancer patients fail to show any signs and symptoms at the time of diagnosis while the disease is only discovered during routine chest radiography.

Treatment Options for Lung Cancer

Most common treatment options for lung cancer include lung cancer surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or palliative care. There are many types of lung cancer surgery. Lung cancer surgery which involves removing one lobe is known as lobectomy. Removing two lobes of lung during lung cancer surgery is known as bilobectomy and removal of the whole lung as pneumonectomy. Other types of lung cancer surgeries which are performed for patients include wedge resection, segmentectomy and sleeve resection. When lung cancer surgery also involves removal of associated lymph nodes, it is known as lymphadenectomy. Typically, chemotherapy is recommended after lung cancer surgery when lymph nodes are involved. Radiation therapy for lung cancer is becoming more common nowadays with development of advanced techniques. Radiation therapy like CyberKnife radiosurgery which can precisely deliver radiation on moving tumors without damaging the surrounding healthy tissue is preferred by many doctors and patients. Chemotherapy is an essential component of treatments in advanced stages of the disease. Lung cancer which has spread to other parts of the body from lungs requires systemic treatments like chemotherapy.

Lung Cancer Treatment in India is Highly Affordable

Lung cancer treatment in India is an excellent opportunity for overseas patients who are seeking good quality of affordable treatments in foreign countries. All types of high quality treatment options are available in India including lung cancer surgery, advanced radiation therapy and chemotherapy alongside compassionate cancer care. Additionally, lung cancer treatments in India are affordably priced and cost just a fraction of what these would in other parts of the world. In fact, overseas patients can save 70 percent of the money by undergoing lung cancer treatments in India.

High Quality of Prostate Cancer Treatments in India at Affordable Costs

According to healthcare experts, almost 40 percent of Nigerian men about 40 years of age are living with prostate cancer. While many are still unaware of the disease, prostate cancer has killed many in Nigeria due to factors including ignorance, poor knowledge, awareness and lack of proper medical care. Moreover, treatment for prostate cancer in Nigeria is so expensive that most people are unable to afford them. Prostate cancer is recognized as one of the leading causes of death among Nigerian men and the second leading causes of deaths among men worldwide relating to cancer.

Common Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer
Most common treatment options for prostate cancer generally depend upon the stage of the disease. The type of treatment recommended for a patient is based upon the type and stage of cancer, possible side effects of the treatment, overall health and preference of the patient. Doctors also consider active surveillance as an option in case the disease is found at an early stage and is growing very slowly. Surgery and radiation therapy are commonly employed local treatments for localized prostate cancer. However, systemic treatments like chemotherapy may also be required alongside local treatments if prostate cancer has spread to other areas outside the gland.

Surgical Options for Prostate Cancer Treatment
● Radical Prostatectomy – Radical prostatectomy is an open-surgery procedure which involves surgical removal of the entire prostate gland along with seminal vesicles. In some cases lymph nodes within the pelvic area is also removed during the radical prostatectomy procedure. However, doctors would always strive to perform nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy whenever possible in order to preserve sexual function of the person undergoing procedure.
● Robotic Prostatectomy – Robotic prostatectomy is less invasive when compared to radical prostatectomy. Along with shortening time for recovery following operation, robotic prostatectomy causes less pain and less bleeding as well. However, urinary and sexual side effects of robotic prostatectomy remain quite similar to that of radical prostatectomy.

Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer
Most common types of radiation therapy which is involved in treatment of prostate cancer include the following.
● External-Beam Radiation Therapy – This type of radiation therapy is the most common treatment for prostate cancer. The machine delivering x-rays for destroying cancer is located outside the body. Nowadays there are computers which help radiation oncologists precisely map the location and shape of cancer for effective delivery.
● Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) – This is another type of external beam radiation therapy which utilizes CT scans of the prostate gland for creating 3D images prior to treatment. This information about the shape, size and location of prostate cancer is helpful in determining the amount of radiation which is required for treatment.
● Proton Therapy – Also known as proton beam radiation therapy, this is also an external beam radiation procedure which uses protons instead of x-rays. Protons can effectively destroy cancerous cells at high energy. Nevertheless, proton therapy is more expensive than the conventional radiation therapy.
● Brachytherapy – This is an internal radiation therapy which involves insertion of radioactive substances directly into the prostate gland. Brachytherapy low-dose rate seeds are placed around the cancerous cells within prostate gland and work for about one year of time after placement. High-dose rate brachytherapy seeds however are only left in the body for less than 30 minutes, but may however require to be performed often.

Prostate Cancer Treatment in India is Highly Affordable
In comparison with availability in other parts of the world, prostate cancer treatment in India is highly affordable. Additionally, quality of prostate cancer treatment in India is at par with availability of similar procedures within the developed Western countries. Moreover, overseas patients coming from all parts of the world can expect to be the best of all types of prostate cancer treatments in India at reasonable costs.

Source: http://www.medicalmingle.com/ayubasad/blog/2017/10/13/high_quality_of_prostate_cancer_treatments_in_india_at_affordable_costs

Which Cancer Treatment is Right for You?

Almost 70 percent of children with cancer are effectively cured with treatments. Hodgkin’s lymphoma, testicular cancer & several other types of blood cancers are also cured in adults with treatments that are presently available. Most cases of skin cancers are also curable with help of surgery. Thyroid cancer & cancer of the larynx can effectively be cured with radiotherapy. Other ways to fight cancer involve simple lifestyle changes. These include eating more fruits & vegetables, eliminating refined sugars, carbohydrates & oils, getting enough of essential fatty acids like Omega 3 & consuming organic foods as far as possible while spending enough time out in the sun for vitamin D or taking vitamin D supplements in case it is not possible.

Stages of Cancer in General

Most types of cancers generally have 4 stages. Numbered from 1 to 4, Stage 1 & 2 basically indicates early cancer which can be usually eliminated with treatments. Stage 3 indicates that the cancer is now larger than where & how it began. Cancer at this stage may also have started spreading to other surrounding tissue including the lymph nodes in the nearby areas. Stage 4 is the last & means that cancerous cells have now spread from the primary site where they began to other tissues & organs of the body.

Common Types of Cancer Treatments

Cancer Surgery

There are several people with cancer who have undergone surgery & got cured of cancer. This is especially possible when cancer is contained in the localized areas. Cancer surgery in such cases is the best option for removal of cancerous cells along with a margin of healthy tissue located nearby. Cancer surgery offers great chance of cure in many types of cancer. In several cases removal of cancerous tumor is additionally beneficial in case it is blocking a passage or putting pressure on nerves or organs located nearby. Other treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy may also either be used before or after alongside cancer surgery.

Radiation Therapy for Cancer

This therapy is mostly used got treating localized cancers; cancers which are contained in one region. Radiation energy is meant to damage or destroy cancerous cells so that they do not grow back. This therapy is at times used alone or in combination with chemotherapy or cancer surgery. It is also a fact that more than 50 percent of cancer patients use radiation therapy at some point of time. However, there are side effects of radiation therapy which vary from one patient to another. Patients must therefore ensure to talk to the healthcare team about this prior to undergoing radiation therapy.

Chemotherapy

This is a cancer treatment which involves strong drugs which are administered either orally or intravenously. However, in many cases combinations of various chemotherapy drugs are utilized. Moreover, these drugs can effectively treat cancers which have spread throughout the body as they move through the bloodstream. Chemotherapy drugs are given for several reasons depending upon the stage & type of cancer. Side effects of chemo drugs depend upon the type of drug & the quantity that is taken alongside duration of the treatment. However, most side effects can be controlled with supportive medicines or by changing the schedule of treatments.

Immunotherapy

These are newer types of cancer treatments which use drugs that are different from chemotherapy. Also known as biologic therapies, immunotherapy treatment utilizes the patient’s own immune system lessen or fight side effects of other cancer treatments. Different types of immunotherapy work in different ways like some can slow or stop growth of cancer cells & help healthy immune cells control cancer or help in repairing normal cells which have been damaged by other cancer treatments.

Targeted Therapy

This therapy also involves drugs which specifically target gene changes which help growth of cancerous cells by attacking their inner workings, which is what makes them different from the normal healthy cells. However, these targeted therapy drugs are found to have different set of side effects than chemo drugs. Nevertheless, targeted drugs are often given alongside standard chemotherapy drugs and/or other treatments for cancer.

Future of Cancer Treatments

Clinical trials which are conducted today are in fact future of cancer treatments. They are basically meant to test is a newer treatment is effective & safe as a treatment procedure. These future of cancer treatments also explore newer ways to diagnose, treat or prevent cancer. However, these are conducted only when there is good reason to believe that test, treatment or procedure under study is better than the ones which are presently serving the purpose. Quite often, treatments under clinical trials are found to provide real benefits along with fewer side effects.